infertility in women - the health capital

Perception of Infertility in women

Every woman is gifted with a beautiful ability to make a new life and nurture it inside her body for nine long months. This is the period when she discovers various different things about herself. This is one of the most beautiful and life-changing journeys of her life. But some women have been longing to get this opportunity of performing motherhood and enjoying every bit of it.

Infertility in women makes it difficult and, at times, even impossible for some women to get pregnant. Some fertility tests for women and infertility treatments help them in this journey, and they enjoy motherhood sooner or later in life. Often, society looks down on women unable to achieve fertility, but you need to remember that infertility is not something that one should be ashamed of. It’s just a health issue that can be solved with medical help.

“Strong women aren’t simply born. They are made by the storm they walk through.”

Valentina Harpar

The Health Capital brings you a wholesome guide for women with infertility. It is a platform that provides solutions for issues associated with women’s health. We aim to spread as much awareness as possible across the globe and make their journey easier. 

What is infertility in women?

Infertility in women is the inability when a woman can’t get pregnant within a year of trying. Studies show about one out of five women struggle with infertility. The chances get lower with older age. This is way more common among couples than what is actually believed. One out of eight couples suffers from infertility.
This can be defined as a disease of the male or female reproductive system by failure to achieve a pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. In such cases, the woman is advised to undergo fertility tests to know the problem better.

How common is female infertility?

Infertility is a general disease. About 11% of girls of reproductive age have experienced fertility problems. In one-third of infertile couples, the matter is with the person. In one-third of infertile couples, the matter is with the girl.

Studies suggest that after one year of unprotected sex, 12% to fifteen of couples cannot conceive, and after two years, 10% of couples still haven’t had a live-born baby. (In teams younger than 30 who are generally healthy, 40% to 60% can conceive within the first three months of trying). Fertility declines with age in both men and ladies, but the results old are relatively more significant in women. In their 30s, women are about half as fertile as they’re in their early 20s, and women’s chance of conception declines significantly after age 35.

Symptoms of infertility in women: Check on your fertility

Women who have been trying to get pregnant for more than a year and have failed repeatedly need to look for alternatives for getting pregnant and taking fertility tests. Once they reach the age of 35 years, the risk of not getting pregnant increases; therefore, women must take into consideration the following symptoms to get infertility treatment as may suit them best:

  • Inability to get pregnant: women try hard to get pregnant with regular non-protected sexual intercourse, but when they cannot succeed, that is a sign of infertility. This fault is common not only in women but in men too.
  • The menstrual cycle is too long: if it is as long as 35 days or even more, it’s a sign that you need to consider it.
  • The menstrual cycle is too short: even a shorter-than-normal period signals that you must look after. See a doctor if your menstrual cycle happens for less than 21 days.
fertility test in women - the health capital

When to consult a doctor?

When you are unable to get pregnant till the age of 35, they are recommended to try getting pregnant for at least a year.

In this case, doctors usually suggest 6 months of trying to get pregnant. When the efforts give no result, discuss it with doctors as to how the procedure will go on.

When you are unable to get pregnant till the age of 35, they are recommended to try getting pregnant for at least a year.

Typical factors responsible for infertility in women

Women must keep a check on their bodies. They must know whether there are any unusual changes taking place. As mentioned above, women must be encouraged to undergo fertility tests to understand these changes. Such changes could contribute to infertility in women, and these factors are:

  • Ovulation: Ovulation disorders affect the release of eggs from the ovaries. Too much thyroid hormone or too little can affect the menstrual cycle or cause infertility. Other underlying causes may include excessive exercise, eating disorders, or tumours.
  • Damage to fallopian tubes: This means inflammation of the fallopian tubes. This could be caused by pelvic inflammatory disease, usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection, endometriosis, or adhesions.
  • Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus and may affect the function of the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes.
  • Cervical causes: The cervical plays an important role in the natural fertilization process and is also a significant factor in infertility. The reports suggest that in about 6% of infertile couples, infertility is caused by the cervical factor.
  • Unexplained infertility: When infertility cannot detect the cause of the woman’s inability to conceive a baby, it is called unexplained infertility. About 30% of women around the world are diagnosed with unexplained infertility.

Fertility of women at risk

These days, people have become active drinkers and smokers. Women, too, are consumers of such things. These unhealthy habits must be avoided if a woman plans to have a baby. Other risk factors that hamper fertility in women are:

  • Age:
    Usually, when a woman has not been able to get pregnant despite many efforts, and she is 35 years old, it is highly suggested to see a doctor as the risk may increase after that.
  • Weight:
    Maintaining a healthy weight is a necessity. This is because overweight women have a higher incidence of menstrual dysfunction and anovulation.
  • Smoking and alcohol:
    Smoking reduces fertility and decreases sperm counts. Alcohol consumption is associated with morphologically abnormal sperms. It can affect your sexual health and lead to loss of fertility.
  • Sexual history:
    Study shows that 5% of couples had a sexual history problem that led to infertility. It may also be the result of existing sexual dysfunction.
infertility in women risk factors

Prevention of Infertility in women

Women can take care of their health in advance to avoid any risk of infertility shortly. Certain preventive measures are suggested to women to keep their fertility undisturbed. These are:

  • Healthy weight:
    Being overweight or underweight increases the risk of ovulation disorder. Therefore, maintaining a healthy weight is crucial to reducing infertility in women. This can be done through regular workout sessions to keep you active and your weight under control.
  • Reduce stress:
    Studies suggest that couples with stress issues have poorer results with infertility treatment. You must understand that your mental health is as important as your physical health. Stress can further lead to other serious issues like depression. 
  • Quit smoking and alcohol:
    Tobacco and alcohol lead to infertility in women and hamper their general health. Alcohol can affect the development of the fetus. Hence, you need to quit smoking and drinking if planning to have a baby. Not only in case of pregnancy but even otherwise, such habits should also be avoided to lead a healthy lifestyle.

Infertility Treatment Tips

Women with different body types require different ways to get infertility treatment. Some may need only one or two therapies to improve their fertility. Others may require several different types of infertility treatment to achieve pregnancy.

Lifestyle changes:

To begin with, women must change their daily habits per the situation’s demands. Basically, they are required to improve their eating habits as recommended by doctors. They must also work out regularly as exercise helps in boosting fertility and increases the chances of pregnancy.

Stimulating ovulation:

The main treatment for women with infertility due to ovulation disorder is fertility drugs. Discuss this treatment with your doctor, including all the benefits and possible risks of each type. These medications help in regulating ovulation. 

How can The Health Capital help?

Our organisation, The Health Capital, aims at making women knowledgeable and aware of the health issues they are going through. We lend a helping hand to women so that they can take measures accordingly and work on themselves.

The Health Capital provides a free health analysis test you can take online on our website. This helps our doctors to know your condition better and give you infertility treatment and suggestions accordingly. You can even book an appointment through a simple process. The best part about the process is that it’s completely online. Hence, all the services are provided at your fingertips. You can also check out the other blogs associated with women’s health issues. So, if you want to know more about such stuff, stay tuned for upcoming blogs.


1. Is female infertility in women curable?

Women can get infertility treatment done to restore their fertility through medications or surgery or may opt for some sophisticated techniques, depending upon the situation’s demand.

2. How likely is it for a woman to be infertile?

The reports suggest that almost one out of every five women is likely to get infertility. That’s how common the issue has become in the past few years.

3. Does stress cause infertility?

It’s unlikely that stress alone can cause infertility in women. But it definitely adds to the list of factors responsible for infertility. Research has shown that women with a history of depression are twice as likely to experience infertility.

4. Which sexually transmitted disease can result in infertility in women?

Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are important preventable causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility. Studies show that about 10-15% of women with chlamydia will develop PID. Chlamydia can also cause fallopian tube infection without any symptoms.

5. At what age are women more likely to get infertile?

When women reach the age of 30 years, fertility starts to decline. The process becomes more rapid by the mid-30s. Women of 45 years of age lose most of their fertility, making it difficult to get pregnant naturally.

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